Sexually Transmitted Diseases are also known as STDs or as STIs which stand for Sexually Transmitted Infections. These are passed from one person to another via sexual intercourse. Sometimes even genital contact can be a reason for passing this disease. Some STDs also spread via using unsterilized needles, passed down from mother to child during pregnancy, breastfeeding and blood transfusion etc. The micro-organisms that live in the genital area are responsible for causing these diseases. Over the last ten years, the number of people who are affected by STDs has increased rapidly. The best way to identify any possible infections is by approaching Pittsburgh STD testing solutions where tests are conducted to diagnose any STDs. The website http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/communicable/hiv/prevention.aspx has a lot of resources about STDs and their general preventive strategies.
Due to the fact that genital areas are moist, it becomes an ideal breeding place for many germs such as bacteria and virus. STDs are easily transmitted during unprotected sexual activity when the sexual contact happens without a condom. While some are passed via sexual contact, not all of them are passed the same way. Some of the infections do not require sexual contact for spreading. For example, meningitis is one of the sexually transmitted diseases that can be acquired by other means as well. However, practicing safe sexual methods is very important to avoid any infections or diseases. Some of the STDs are: Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Crabs, Hepatitis B, HPV, AIDS etc.
Chlamydia Chlamydia which is one of the common STDs affects approximately 3 million people per year. It is caused by a bacteria called as Chlamydia trachomatis. This is also the reason for the prevalence of eye diseases all across the globe. Most of the girls in the age of 14 to 19 are easily affected by chlamydia. There are no signs in women who are affected by chlamydia which is why it goes unnoticed. Some of the signs include mild vaginal discharge, abdominal pain and pelvic pain. Sometimes females might experience bleeding in between their periods too. It can also result in experiencing pain during sexual intercourse as well.
Chancroid Chancroid also known as chancre is a bacterial infection that is caused by Gram-negative Streptobacillus Haemophilus Ducreyi. One of the symptoms is painful sores that appear on the genital area. It can spread easily via sexual contact. Although the infection rate for Chancroid is very less, it is more common in developing nations as they contain people from poor social and economic background. It is one of the high risk factors that can result in getting infected by HIV.
The patient who gets infected develops a bump within weeks of getting exposed to the disease causing pathogens and once the bump appears, it turns into an ulcer. It can be about 2 inches in size. It is very painful and has undermined borders. Women who get affected generally develop about four ulcers whereas men have lesser ones. It can be treated with a course of Erythromycin or Azithromycin and sometimes a single dose of Ceftriaxone can also do the trick.